Symptoms of VSD
Noticeable signs and symptoms start appearing from the first few days of the child's birth. It includes:
- The child fails to grow
- Becomes sweaty and breathes faster than normal
- Gets tired while playing or eating
- Irregular heartbeat
The exact cause of VSD is not known. From various studies it is noticed that environmental and genetic factors can lead to congenital heart defects. There are chances for VSD to occur after a cardiac arrest.
By auscultation, the cardiologist can detect the presence of VSD. In addition VSD can be detected before child birth by taking a fetal echocardiogram. Chest X-ray, echocardiogram, pulse oximetry, cardiac catheterization etc. are very much effective in diagnosing congenital heart defects.
The abnormal opening of the ventricles can be patched by undergoing any of the following procedures:
Catheter procedure: Here the VSD is closed by inserting thin tube into the blood vessel which is guided to the heart to repair the hole. Catheterization does not require any surgical opening.
Surgical repair: Here, open heart surgery is performed under general anesthesia to close the hole.
Hybrid procedure: This procedure is the combination of both surgical and catheterization techniques.
In addition to the above procedures, the use of certain medications will help to increase the strength of the heart's contractions and to maintain a regular heartbeat.
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